unique kilns were used to supply charcoal to the smelters near Dillon.
Each kiln would hold 37 yards of timbers and yield 1.500 units of combustible
fuel. The smell of smoke still exists in these relics even after 60
These beehive-shaped brick ovens or "kilns" made charcoal
from 1881 to 1900. The charcoal fired 3 smelter furnaces at Glendale,
holding 35 cords of precisely stacked wood cut high in the mountains.
The four men loading or "charging" a kiln used the ground-level
"charging door" until they couldn't reach the top of the stack,
then they finished the job using the upper door at the rear. The wood
was then burned slowly for two weeks.
that point, the kilns were opened and cooled and usually yielded 1,750
bushels of charcoal enough to fire a single smelter for 42 hours.
By 1901, the silver and lead produced from Hecla Mining district totaled